40 Excellent Sites About Careers in Criminal Justice

A career in criminal justice can be exciting — and confusing. Do you want to work as a border patrol agent? Or, would you prefer something more clandestine and international with the CIA? The following sites offer criminal justice career information in general, specific career paths and resources that can help you learn about criminal justice topics of conversation such as elder abuse and juvenile crimes.

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50 Essential Open Courseware Classes to Learn About Criminal Justice

Are you a criminal justice student who needs some extra information? Maybe you are a professional who needs to brush up on the latest educational and informational subjects. No matter what your need, there are many places to turn to for informal learning on the internet. However, with many crime novels and television shows getting criminal justice wrong, where can you turn to get it right?

Below, we have gathered the 50 essential open courseware classes to learn about criminal justice. Open courseware is a free and informal way to teach and learn just about anything. Classes are usually given as lectures, notes, etc, in which students don’t receive formal credit for learning, but learn nonetheless. These classes contain everything criminal justice from the law to the latest in technological developments.

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15 Most Heinous Women Criminals

When one thinks of notorious criminals, men usually spring to mind. With everyone from Hannibal the Cannibal to killer clown John Wayne Gacy being difficult to forget, it can be hard to remember that women can also be as brutal and vicious as their male counterparts. With everything from the sexual assault of multiple victims to the outright skinning and torture of others, these women prove that the “gentler sex” does not apply to them. To prove it, we have gathered the below 15 most heinous women criminals. They include women from hundreds of years ago to the first female serial killers and even a few who are still around and even free today. Listed mostly by number of victims killed or thought to be killed, the below contains graphic content.

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The Logic Behind Logo Changes

No one really knows for sure how logos originated; perhaps they evolved as a result of companies wanting to stand out from the crowd and provide their customers with a unique way of identifying them amongst the competition. At some point down the line, they morphed into status symbols, and organizations began to compete to make theirs the best and most recognizable. Logos can be pictorial representations, a combination of a picture and a tagline, a creative design of the company name or its acronym, or just a random symbol. Whatever they are, they must serve the company’s purpose – when you see them, you have to think of the organization. So why then do companies change logos, especially if they’re already established and recognizable icons? Isn’t it a contradiction when you consider that a logo is supposed to be the company’s identity, and that changing it would mean you need to spend time, effort and money in promoting the new logo? But in spite of all the issues that surround a logo change, companies do it on a regular basis. The reasons are many:
  • Some logo changes are for psychological reasons: Take the case of Kentucky Fried Chicken – the fast food chain used its full name, Kentucky Fried Chicken, on its logo. But when the word “fried” started to take on negative connotations towards health and the world started to move towards a healthier lifestyle, the company rebranded itself as KFC. It still made the same greasy (yet tasty), fat-filled fried chicken, but at least the acronym KFC did not associate itself directly with the word “fried”.
  • Some change because the company’s policies and/or missions change: An organization that wants to reposition itself in the market changes its logos to reflect the change that takes place in its corporate circles. For example, an organization that has developed a negative reputation could seek to rebrand itself with new operations and a new logo. In such cases, there is also a change of name, or a smaller subsidiary of the large corporation takes over as the USP of the company to position itself in a more positive light.
  • Most changes happen because the company evolves: An organization keeps growing by the day, and each change is associated with smaller and larger changes. As a result, the company logo tends to look outdated and needs to be revamped to keep pace with the change. Some organizations go in for a complete change while others prefer to alter and modernize the one they already have so that their brand does not become totally unrecognizable. When companies go in for a drastic change, they usually spend large sums of money in promoting and publicizing the new logo so that people can connect it to their organization.
Some logo changes work really well; some others go down the drain and become embarrassing setbacks for organizations (like the change effected by NBC a few years ago). In general, logo changes become success stories when companies do their research and plan efficiently before going ahead with the change.

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15 Most Interesting Killers of All Time

Although deplorable, society’s fascination with killers is undeniable. With murders leading headlines, books, films, and more, it is difficult to know exactly why the law abiding would want to know more about killers. As with most things, the internet is no exception to this mentality.

To help scratch that itch – and keep the gory details light – we have gathered the 15 most interesting killers of all time. Both famous and infamous, they break new ground on murder, murderers, and how they affect those that come after them.

Most Interesting Killers of All Time You’ve Heard Of

You may have heard of these killers before, but perhaps you haven’t heard of the facts surrounding their cases.

    1. Jeffrey Dahmer
    Known for keeping parts of his victims as trophies, Dahmer is one of the best known and horrific murderers of modern times. Although history will recall him as a monster, he was able to convince no less than 17 young men into his home where he would later kill them. One of the most interesting facts of the case is that one of Dahmer’s victims was actually able to get away. Even though the police got involved, Dahmer was able to convince them that the whole incident was merely a lover’s quarrel. He was finally arrested in 1991, where he was sentenced to nearly 1,000 years in jail and later killed by another inmate.

    2. Ted Bundy
    This notorious serial killer confessed to 28 murders but is actually thought to have killed many more. Young women were often the target of Bundy, who was said to be attractive and charming. An interesting fact about the case was that Bundy actually escaped from a Colorado prison in 1977. After his recapture and trial in 1979, he was sentenced to death and only gave one interview.

    3. Charles Manson
    Even though it has been over 40 years since the original “Manson Family” murders, they still make headlines today. Back in the 60’s, hippies were thought of peace loving, harmless individuals who passed out flowers until Manson. The leader of a cult, Manson used his influence to get others to kill for him and was never convicted of an actual murder himself. The case also stood out for the murder of actress Sharon Tate, who was over eight months pregnant. Although sentenced to death in 1969, Manson still remains in prison and is in his mid-seventies.

    4. Jack the Ripper
    This is one of the most interesting killers of all time for bringing murder to the front of the headlines and terrifying an entire country. In 1888, Londoners were shocked to learn of a string of murders of prostitutes. Many were sexually assaulted before being slashed and mutilated. The killer was never found and suspicions and theories still loom. This site actually has a suspect list, letters from the Ripper, official documents, and much more for the viewing.

    5. Eddie Gein
    Never heard of him? You may know him better as the inspiration for such onscreen killers as the ones from “Psycho” and “The Silence of the Lambs.” Infamous for actually skinning his victims, the police found the skin of one of Gein’s victims hanging in his kitchen when he was arrested. Other items around his house, such as a bowl and lamp, where also made with the bodies of his victims. Although he was thought to have only killed two women, the act of wearing their skin set him apart.

    6. The Zodiac Killer
    Because this infamous killer was never found, it makes them all the more interesting. In the late 60’s, he was thought to have killed as many as 37 people. The killer also sent cryptic letters to the press. Two of his victims actually survived and got away, but the killer remained at large even though his correspondence with the press lasted all the way until 1978.

    7. John Wayne Gacy
    Are you afraid of clowns? He just might be the reason why. Known as Pogo the Clown to his local community, Gacy was well liked and respected by his family and neighbors. Convicted of 33 murders, Gacy actually used his guise as a clown to lure his victims into “trick” handcuffs and then kill them. In 1980, he attempted and failed to enter an insanity plea, adding another interesting fact to the case.

    8. Aileen Wuornos
    Proving that men aren’t the only ones capable of serial killing, she made it an equal opportunity crime by killing an estimated seven men. After being unable to make ends meet for her and her girlfriend as a prostitute, Wuornos decided to rob and kill her johns. Alleging that all the murders were done in self-defense, she was convicted, sentenced, and put to death in 1992. Although a feature film was made on the story, the real life interviews with Wuornos are far more terrifying.

Most Interesting Killers of All Time You Haven’t Heard Of

They say that serial killers do it in part for the fame, but below are a few names you may not have heard of.

    9. Pedro Alonso Lopez
    With a murder count of over 300, he might just be the worst single serial killer in history. During the late 70’s in South America, he was convicted of killing 110 girls in Ecuador. He would later confess to murdering over 240 others in Peru and Colombia. Shockingly, even after these confessions he was released from prison after only 14 years served and then disappeared.

    10. Henry Lee Lucas
    He could be the biggest serial killer in history or could be the biggest liar. While in prison, Lucas confessed to nearly 3,000 murders, although his actual number seemed to be far less. Ironically enough, he was sentenced to prison over a victim he admitted to killing known only as “Orange Socks.” The issue of his execution for crimes went back and forth until he died in prison of natural causes in 2001, never revealing how many he actually killed.

    11. Gilles De Rais
    He lived as a French nobleman in the 15th century and was even part of the army led by Joan of Arc. He would later be accused and convicted of kidnapping, torturing, and murdering hundreds of victims, with a preference for young boys. Because of his position of esteem and the fact that his victims were common, the case garnered loads of attention. This article actually features an extract from his trial.

    12. Richard Trenton Chase
    Think vampires are all the rage now? Back in the seventies this man was known as the Vampire Killer of Sacramento. Institutionalized for believing his own blood was tainted, after his release Chase killed six people in a bizarre attempt to switch his blood with theirs. After his arrest in 1980, he even became an object of fear among the other prisoners. The other prisoners were so afraid of him, it seems they ended up convincing him to kill himself later that year.

    13. Albert Fish
    A quick look at his mug shot might convince you that he was arrested for jay-walking. However, over the span of 20 years he admitted to the molestation of over 400 children. Also known as the Werewolf of Wysteria for acting during full moons, Fish was also suspect to several murders, including those of children. Sent to the infamous Sing Sing in 1935, he was killed by electric chair a year later.

    14. Dennis Rader
    If you know the term “BTK,” you may already know this killer. Dennis Rader is thought to have murdered at least ten people using a method referred to as “blind, torture, kill.” An interesting fact is that he is thought to have committed these murders between 1974 and 1991 and sent letters to the police detailing his murders. Even with these pieces of evidence, police were not able to find him. Once the letters resumed in 2004, he was arrested in 2005 and convicted.

    15. John Haigh
    What did criminals do for identity theft before the internet? The answer is more bizarre and horrifying than phishing scams. In the late 1940’s, this English gentleman was dubbed The Acid Bath Murderer. Convicted of killing six people, he would dissolve their bodies in sulfuric acid and then forge papers in order to gain wealth.

Although they are not to be idolized, there is still a lot to learn from the above 15 most interesting killers of all time. To learn more about them and others, visit Investigation Discovery. They offer an interactive Fearbook that contains more information on some of the most notorious killers in history.

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The Legality of Certain Addictions

Now I’m no expert on addiction, but I do that it’s possible to get addicted to just about anything or anybody. It’s not just drugs like pot and heroin that cause you to lose your mind; just ask anyone who’s unable to kick the smoking habit and find themselves drawn to the nicotine stick even though they it kills; just ask anyone who hits the bottle every day and is blown out of their minds because they’re so drunk they forget who and where there are; or just ask people who are in unhealthy relationships or who have a fetish for just about anything, from unnatural sexual acts to a gluttony for food – they’ll all swear that addictions are the easiest things in the world.

The point is, we all know that smoking and drinking can cause as much, if not more damage than abusing drugs. Smoking is the leading preventable cause of death around the world; it’s so dangerous that even secondhand smoke kills. And alcohol, besides causing cirrhosis of the liver and killing people, also causes death through drunken driving and other accidents that happen because thinking and reasoning are impaired by liquor. Obesity causes diseases like diabetes, strokes and heart attacks which decrease the quality of life and hasten death. Why then are only drugs targeted as the bad guys and deemed illegal? Why not ban cigarettes, alcohol, fast food and other unhealthy foods that are not good for our bodies?

The answer is simple – banning everything unhealthy would lead to an autocratic state, one that goes against the very grain of the democracy that is adopted as a form of government by most nations in the world. So we are given the choice to do as we please as long as we don’t hurt anyone else; we’re free to smoke, drink and eat what we want as long as we don’t disturb the peace or harass or cause harm to anyone. Then why not legalize drugs as well? Why not allow people the freedom to choose to do drugs, just as they are now free to choose to smoke or drink or eat what they want?

Unfortunately, the answer to the ills of this world lies not in banning cigarettes and alcohol or in legalizing drugs. Perhaps drugs are banned because they cause your brains to become addled and bring about chemical changes that could cause psychotic behavior which may be dangerous to society at large. No one sees nicotine and alcohol as problems as severe as drugs, but then, the liquor and tobacco lobbies have become too powerful for any kind of prohibition to come about. It all boils down to who has the most money and hence the most pull in legal matters; it’s the same when it comes to drugs – people kill and commit crimes because at the end of it all, it’s a very profitable business. And in this madness for money, it is health that takes a beating and emerges the real loser.

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4 Invaluable Tips for Writers

I’m one of the lucky few who make a living out of writing, and although I love my job dearly and wouldn’t trade it for any other, there are times when I wish it was more routine than the nerve-wracking ordeal it can be. When there is no dearth of inspiration or creativity, everything is gung-ho and you’re on top of the world with the feeling that you have the best job in the world. But when the words are stuck in a place between your brain and your fingers and refuse to flow as well as you would like them to, you end up becoming frustrated especially if a deadline looms not too far ahead. If you hope to make a success of being a professional writer and stay in this business for a long time, here are a few things you must know:

  • Writer’s block is not always resolved the same way: There will be many times when you’re lost for words and have trouble writing to your usual standard. Taking a break may help at times but not always. At other times, you may have to push through the lack of creativity and plod along until you find your groove. And then there are times when you find that a change of subject may help jog those creative instincts. So when you suffer from writer’s block, it’s not wise to look for the same solution every time. Instead, use your instincts to determine what would help in that particular situation.
  • Deadlines are sneaky: I’ve been guilty of this one myself, so I can give you firsthand knowledge on this subject. When you write against a deadline, you tend to put things off till the proverbial last minute. This happens especially if you have a few years of experience and are confident of your ability to deliver even in a short period of time. But then, you often forget to factor in Murphy’s Law that says – if something can go wrong, it will. So you’re likely to come face to face with a personal crisis or emergency just as your deadline is nearing, and because you’ve whiled away your time frivolously instead of focusing on work, you end up either overshooting your deadline or doing a hurried and botched-up job, both of which don’t do anything for your credibility as a writer.
  • Writing as work is different from writing for yourself: I became a writer by accident – a friend discovered through my blog that I could write well and recommended me to a few people who were looking for professional writers. And although I took to the job like a fish to water, there are times when I feel that writing as a profession is a drag when compared to writing for yourself because you are passionate about the craft and the subject you choose to write about. So once you begin writing as a career, remember that there will be times when you feel incomplete and unsatisfied, but as long as you choose assignments with care, you should get used to these moods and get over them quickly.
  • Payment discussions are important: Some writers are paid an hourly rate while others charge by the article (or number of words). While the former takes into account the work associated with any number of re-writes, the latter is unfair when you’re asked to redo parts or the whole of an assignment. It’s best you discuss payment upfront with the client before you take on a project and also talk about the mode and method of payment. Don’t short-sell yourself just because you are out of work; good writers are not a dime a dozen, so wait for your worth to be recognized and given its fair due.

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Robot Wars: 10 Recent Developments in Unmanned Warfare You Haven’t Heard About

When the war in Afghanistan kicked off, the U.S. military only had a handful of drones or unmanned weapons on the battlefield. Now it’s one of the military’s main concerns as they race to outdo the competition developing innovative robots that do the dirty work. Technology is always changing and here’s a look at some of the recent developments in unmanned warfare that’s making its way to a war zone.
    1. Micro aerial vehicles. Measuring just 13 inches, micro air vehicles are small, but not too small, allowing them to photograph large areas and bring back the footage. The first version created by Honeywell is a bit noisier than military would like and they’re creating a second generation model that will bring back better images and even less detectable sometime next year. 2. The X-47B. This is an amazing unmanned aerial vehicle that seems to be straight from the movies. The X-47B is more along the lines of what the future of unmanned warfare will look like, with unmanned vehicles able to carry out missions because they’re equipped with weapons. This one carries up to 4,500 pounds of weapons, making it a deadly weapon that will float around and strike (hopefully) at the right time. 3. Robosoldiers. While the U.S. focuses on unmanned planes, Israel is fixated on the robosolider. They’re combining what they already know about UAVs and implementing “see-shoot” robotic soldiers that are actually trained by military officials in closed quarters. Israel’s ultimate plan is to have the Israel-Gaza border be the first border manned by these robosoldiers. 4. Flying saucers. The Department of Defense claims these smaller UAVs will be optimal during warfare in urban areas. They’re smaller than most aerial UAVs and cost less to produce. It’s battery powered and there are versions being made all over the world, but only prototypes have been tested. Will flying saucers ever make it to actual battle? Maybe, but it seems other models are outdoing the progress made with saucers. 5. MQ-9 Reaper. Here’s another UAV that seems to be plucked from a sci-fi novel. Operated from a satellite link in Vegas, the MQ-9 Reaper is a certifiable bad boy in the world of UAVs. It can pack up to 3,000 pounds of weapons at an altitude of 60,000 feet. The drones on board can carry out missions on their own, but so far the Air Force hasn’t used that feature. 6. S-100 Camcopter. With the help of Schiebel Industries, Boeing has created this compact helicopter for surveillance purposes. It can also carry up to 110 pounds and while it’s suitable for personal use, it was developed with the military in mind. Still, it’s only a matter of time until this technology trickles down to a spy shop near you. 7. Forrester Radar System. This innovative system allows UAVs to gather data when there’s obstruction, such as forests. The Forrester works exclusively with the Boeing A16OT Hummingbird and allows the UAV to detect the enemy no matter how slowly they’re moving, even when masked by trees. For wars had in the jungle, the Forrester will become an invaluable tool and further generations of the system may detect targets under similar hidden circumstances. 8. ISIS Blimp. This is a spy blimp created by Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) that flies up six miles in the air, allowing it to avoid combat missiles. The idea DARPA has is to have the ISIS blimp launch and stay in the air for weeks at a time, gathering data. Unlike UAVs that have to be fueled every so often and can only make short trips, the ISIS blimp can be launched and hover over a space virtually unnoticed. 9. UXV Combatant. The UXV Combatant takes warfare out to the high seas. This unmanned ship holds a fleet of drones that can be sent off to battle at any given moment. It’s powered by diesel accelerators and gas turbine, keeping the cost of powering the UXV Combatant low. Created by BAE Systems, this ship is still underway, so feel safe floating in the ocean (for now). 10. The ScanEagle. Created by Boeing, the ScanEagle is intended for unsafe areas. The ScanEagle goes in, surveys the area and brings back data and pictures. The beauty of the ScanEagle is not only the size (about 4×10), but the fact that it can stay in the air working for over 20 hours. It also transmits data back to its base, which can be located a little over 60 miles away from where the ScanEagle travels.
Unmanned warfare is the way of the future. Robots are used in small quantities right now, but nations like the U.S. and Israel are investing big in developing super drones that can outrun and outwit other robots and even humans. Other countries like Austria and Canada are quickly snapping up the unmanned machines that are created. As technology improves, there’s a higher chance of having unmanned warfare fighting our battles and collecting data without sending soldiers into dangerous territories.

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